small manifested of Brahman in the earth, is formed by two spiritual and physical aspects. Atman is the soul which is in every thing. It is the very thing that will be matched with Brahman-the real truth and the origin of everything-, while the individual soul, i.e. Jiva, is connected to the body. In fact, the real existence of Jiva and Atman are the same. Jiva is the shadow of Atman. However, the individual sprit is not the same of Atman; it is nothing except Atman. Jiva make distinguish between existences by physical determination. Finally, it will release the soul and will be unified with Brahman by the knowledge of self real. This article is devoted to the issue that human’s deeds will determine his destiny and cause the creation of evil or physical body – vegetable, animal, or mankind- for him. Jiva is limited because encompassing various bodies and so is restricted to the circles just because of that body. There is no different between Jiva and Atman but also it is the very Atman which has become Jiva due to of the characteristics of sprit and body, so when these limitations are removed it will become the very Atman.
The key words: Brahman, Jiva, Sharira, Samsara, Tapas, Karma.
University of Religions and Denomination faculty of Religion
Explaining the relationship between Jiva and Atman in Svatasvatara Upanishad
Dr. Sayyed Mohammad Rohani
Dr. Mohammad Mahdi Alimardi
A thesis submitted to the Graduate studies Office in particle fulfillment of the requirements for the degree of M.A in study of religion
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